spring boot 2.0 源码分析(一)

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在学习spring boot 2.0源码而是 ,大伙先利用spring initializr快速地创建另另有有另1个基本的简单的示例:

1.先从创建示例中的main函数而是始于读起:

package com.example;

import org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.SpringBootApplication;

/**
 *  spring boot 2.0 源码分析
 *  author lizongshen
 *  date 2018/06/02
 */ 
@SpringBootApplication
public class DemoApplication {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        SpringApplication.run(DemoApplication.class, args);
    }
}

2.在这里大伙可不都可以看过,spring boot是通过SpringApplication.run你这名函数来进行启动的,其中args可不都可以传递启动时也能 的个性化参数。跳转到源码中继续一探究竟:

    /**
     * Static helper that can be used to run a {@link SpringApplication} from the
     * specified source using default settings.
     * @param primarySource the primary source to load
     * @param args the application arguments (usually passed from a Java main method)
     * @return the running {@link ApplicationContext}
     */
    public static ConfigurableApplicationContext run(Class<?> primarySource,
            String... args) {
        return run(new Class<?>[] { primarySource }, args);
    }

3.在这里大伙看过,其把primarySource你这名参数包装成数组,跳转到了另外另另有有另1个同样的法子中。

小发现:SpringApplication.run()函数是允许一并启动多个Application的。

接着往下读

    /**
     * Static helper that can be used to run a {@link SpringApplication} from the
     * specified sources using default settings and user supplied arguments.
     * @param primarySources the primary sources to load
     * @param args the application arguments (usually passed from a Java main method)
     * @return the running {@link ApplicationContext}
     */
    public static ConfigurableApplicationContext run(Class<?>[] primarySources,
            String[] args) {
        return new SpringApplication(primarySources).run(args);
    }

4.在这段代码中,大伙可不都可以看过spring boot把大伙所使用的静态法子,创建出了另另有有另1个SpringApplication的实例,并启动了实例中的run法子。

小知识:根据你这名发现,大伙也可不都可以在main函数中,此人 创建SpringApplication的实例,怎么让调用实例法子run。

大伙来看一下SpringApplication的构造函数期间都干了些那些事:

    /**
     * Create a new {@link SpringApplication} instance. The application context will load
     * beans from the specified primary sources (see {@link SpringApplication class-level}
     * documentation for details. The instance can be customized before calling
     * {@link #run(String...)}.
     * @param primarySources the primary bean sources
     * @see #run(Class, String[])
     * @see #SpringApplication(ResourceLoader, Class...)
     * @see #setSources(Set)
     */
    public SpringApplication(Class<?>... primarySources) {
        this(null, primarySources);
    }

    /**
     * Create a new {@link SpringApplication} instance. The application context will load
     * beans from the specified primary sources (see {@link SpringApplication class-level}
     * documentation for details. The instance can be customized before calling
     * {@link #run(String...)}.
     * @param resourceLoader the resource loader to use
     * @param primarySources the primary bean sources
     * @see #run(Class, String[])
     * @see #setSources(Set)
     */
    @SuppressWarnings({ "unchecked", "rawtypes" })
    public SpringApplication(ResourceLoader resourceLoader, Class<?>... primarySources) {
        this.resourceLoader = resourceLoader;
        Assert.notNull(primarySources, "PrimarySources must not be null");
        this.primarySources = new LinkedHashSet<>(Arrays.asList(primarySources));
        this.webApplicationType = deduceWebApplicationType();
        setInitializers((Collection) getSpringFactoriesInstances(
                ApplicationContextInitializer.class));
        setListeners((Collection) getSpringFactoriesInstances(ApplicationListener.class));
        this.mainApplicationClass = deduceMainApplicationClass();
    }

在这里主而是 初始化了SpringApplication的私有属性,在构造的过程中,调用了另外另另有有另1个构造函数,并传递了ResourceLoader的参数。

小知识:通过ResourceLoader你这名参数,大伙看过怎么让自定义SpringApplication在初始化过程中,是可不都可以通过ResourceLoader来引入自定义资源的。

接着往下看,来看看run函数的真面目

    /**
     * Run the Spring application, creating and refreshing a new
     * {@link ApplicationContext}.
     * @param args the application arguments (usually passed from a Java main method)
     * @return a running {@link ApplicationContext}
     */
    public ConfigurableApplicationContext run(String... args) {
        StopWatch stopWatch = new StopWatch();
        stopWatch.start();
        ConfigurableApplicationContext context = null;
        Collection<SpringBootExceptionReporter> exceptionReporters = new ArrayList<>();
        configureHeadlessProperty();
        SpringApplicationRunListeners listeners = getRunListeners(args);
        listeners.starting();
        try {
            ApplicationArguments applicationArguments = new DefaultApplicationArguments(
                    args);
            ConfigurableEnvironment environment = prepareEnvironment(listeners,
                    applicationArguments);
            configureIgnoreBeanInfo(environment);
            Banner printedBanner = printBanner(environment);
            context = createApplicationContext();
            exceptionReporters = getSpringFactoriesInstances(
                    SpringBootExceptionReporter.class,
                    new Class[] { ConfigurableApplicationContext.class }, context);
            prepareContext(context, environment, listeners, applicationArguments,
                    printedBanner);
            refreshContext(context);
            afterRefresh(context, applicationArguments);
            stopWatch.stop();
            if (this.logStartupInfo) {
                new StartupInfoLogger(this.mainApplicationClass)
                        .logStarted(getApplicationLog(), stopWatch);
            }
            listeners.started(context);
            callRunners(context, applicationArguments);
        }
        catch (Throwable ex) {
            handleRunFailure(context, ex, exceptionReporters, listeners);
            throw new IllegalStateException(ex);
        }

        try {
            listeners.running(context);
        }
        catch (Throwable ex) {
            handleRunFailure(context, ex, exceptionReporters, null);
            throw new IllegalStateException(ex);
        }
        return context;
    }

这段代码很长,大伙先来你这名你这名地分析。

1.通过configureHeadlessProperty();这行代码,配置属性:

    private void configureHeadlessProperty() {
        System.setProperty(SYSTEM_PROPERTY_JAVA_AWT_HEADLESS, System.getProperty(
                SYSTEM_PROPERTY_JAVA_AWT_HEADLESS, Boolean.toString(this.headless)));
    }

2.通过SpringApplicationRunListeners listeners = getRunListeners(args);这行代码获取了监听器:

    private SpringApplicationRunListeners getRunListeners(String[] args) {
        Class<?>[] types = new Class<?>[] { SpringApplication.class, String[].class };
        return new SpringApplicationRunListeners(logger, getSpringFactoriesInstances(
                SpringApplicationRunListener.class, types, this, args));
    }

3.通过listeners.starting();这行代码启动监听器:

    public void starting() {
        Iterator var1 = this.listeners.iterator();

        while(var1.hasNext()) {
            SpringApplicationRunListener listener = (SpringApplicationRunListener)var1.next();
            listener.starting();
        }

    }

4.通过context = this.createApplicationContext();创建了容器

    /** 
     * Strategy method used to create the {@link ApplicationContext}. By default this
     * method will respect any explicitly set application context or application context
     * class before falling back to a suitable default.
     * @return the application context (not yet refreshed)
     * @see #setApplicationContextClass(Class)
     */
    protected ConfigurableApplicationContext createApplicationContext() {
        Class<?> contextClass = this.applicationContextClass;
        if (contextClass == null) {
            try {
                switch (this.webApplicationType) {
                case SERVLET:
                    contextClass = Class.forName(DEFAULT_WEB_CONTEXT_CLASS);
                    break;
                case REACTIVE:
                    contextClass = Class.forName(DEFAULT_REACTIVE_WEB_CONTEXT_CLASS);
                    break;
                default:
                    contextClass = Class.forName(DEFAULT_CONTEXT_CLASS);
                }
            }
            catch (ClassNotFoundException ex) {
                throw new IllegalStateException(
                        "Unable create a default ApplicationContext, "
                                + "please specify an ApplicationContextClass",
                        ex);
            }
        }
        return (ConfigurableApplicationContext) BeanUtils.instantiateClass(contextClass);
    }

5.通过prepareContext(context, environment, listeners, applicationArguments,printedBanner);这行代码来准备容器:

    private void prepareContext(ConfigurableApplicationContext context,
            ConfigurableEnvironment environment, SpringApplicationRunListeners listeners,
            ApplicationArguments applicationArguments, Banner printedBanner) {
        context.setEnvironment(environment);
        postProcessApplicationContext(context);
        applyInitializers(context);
        listeners.contextPrepared(context);
        if (this.logStartupInfo) {
            logStartupInfo(context.getParent() == null);
            logStartupProfileInfo(context);
        }

        // Add boot specific singleton beans
        context.getBeanFactory().registerSingleton("springApplicationArguments",
                applicationArguments);
        if (printedBanner != null) {
            context.getBeanFactory().registerSingleton("springBootBanner", printedBanner);
        }

        // Load the sources
        Set<Object> sources = getAllSources();
        Assert.notEmpty(sources, "Sources must not be empty");
        load(context, sources.toArray(new Object[0]));
        listeners.contextLoaded(context);
    }

6.通过this.refreshContext(context);刷新容器:

    private void refreshContext(ConfigurableApplicationContext context) {
        this.refresh(context);
        if(this.registerShutdownHook) {
            try {
                context.registerShutdownHook();
            } catch (AccessControlException var3) {
                ;
            }
        }

    }

在刷新容器完成而是 ,调用afterRefresh函数,跟踪过去发现是空的,怎么让是预留了另另有有另1个扩展点。

通过阅读发现spring boot 2.0的源码和1.x的源码对比起来,细节方面还是变化很大的。当然,那些还而是 其中的冰山一角,里边我会继续与大伙分享在源码阅读中的你这名心得体会,